Short Essay on Diabetes
In two thirds of the cases, it will reappear during subsequent pregnancies. There is a great chance that type 1 or type 2 diabetes will occur after a pregnancy affected by gestational diabetes. Genetic factors are the main cause of diabetes. It is caused by at least two mutant genes in the chromosome 6, the chromosome that affects the response of the body to various antigens.
Viral infection may also influence the occurrence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that infection with viruses such as rubella, Coxsackievirus, mumps, hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus increase the risk of developing diabetes. Currently, there is no cure for type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, studies and trials are being conducted, with Harvard and MIT reporting that they are close to finding a cure for type 1 diabetes.
Researchers have discovers how to create huge quantities of insulin producing cells, which means that the insulin injection could soon be a thing of the past.
Research into stem cells is also ongoing, with relatively promising results. Also, researchers are working on methods to transplant islet cells from donors to diabetes patients. These cells produce insulin and detect blood sugar levels. At the time of writing, medical personnel are able to prevent and control most complications associated with diabetes, even though a definitive cure is not yet available. In conclusion, all forms of diabetes — type 1, type 2 and gestational — are very difficult to cure.
Also, there are no known methods of prevention, as this disease is mainly caused by genetic factors. There are no known cures at the moment, but recent advancement in medicine enable doctors to prolong the life of patients diagnosed with diabetes and improve their quality of life.
Promising results have been reported by various studies, but more resources should be invested into research that has the potential to uncover a cure. Do My Paper View Sample. Shea UT.
Adam OR. Brian IA. Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes means that the immune system is compromised and the cells fail to produce insulin in sufficient amounts. Causes of Diabetes Genetic factors are the main cause of diabetes. Overweight or obese people have higher risks of developing Type2 diabetes.
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By losing excessive weight, controlling and maintaining healthy diet, doing regular physical activity, Type 2 diabetes can be controlled and patients can prevent the problem from progressing where they have to take regular insulin tablets. Diabetes that stays over a period of time can cause other health problems too. Eyes, kidneys and nerves can get damaged and chances of heart stroke are always high.
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Old age, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, prior history of gestational diabetes and physical inactivity are some factors that put an individual on the risk of Type2 diabetes. Men with lower testosterone levels are at higher risk of developing the Type2 diabetes.
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Auto-immune, genetic and environmental factors play considerable role in the onset of Type 1 diabetes although the risk factors are not clearly defined. Prevention techniques of the Type 1 diabetes are not highly determined since it is the environmental triggers that predispose individuals at the risk of this ailment. Type 2 diabetes which is mostly associated with obesity can be prevented by doing regular physical activity.
Although prevention is always better, but in case diabetes develops in an individual, there are mechanisms to cure it too. Pancreas transplantation, artificial pancreas development and genetic manipulation are recent advancements in research and science which have made cure of diabetes a possibility. But there are many hurdles in trying out these ways which include preventing rejection of immunes, finding appropriate number of insulin cells, keeping them active etc.